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neurosciencestuff:

Smoking’s toll on mentally ill analyzed

Those in the United States with a mental illness diagnosis are much more likely to smoke cigarettes and smoke more heavily, and are less likely to quit smoking than those without mental illness, regardless of their specific diagnosis, a new study by researchers from the Yale School of Medicine shows.

They also found variations in smoking rates and likelihood of quitting among different diagnoses of mental illness. The results are reported in the April issue of the journal Tobacco Control.

Thirty-nine percent of adults with a psychiatric diagnosis smoked compared to 16% without a diagnosis, according to data from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions analyzed by researchers. Two out of every three people with drug use disorder smoke, compared to one out of three with social phobia.

“We know that smokers with mental illness are more susceptible to smoking-related disease, and those with mental illness die 25 years earlier than adults without mental illness,” said Sherry McKee, associate professor of psychiatry, and senior author on the study. “Effective smoking cessation treatments are available and we know that smokers with mental illness can quit smoking. We need to address why smokers with mental illness are not being treated for their smoking.”

Over the three-year study period, 22% of smokers with no psychiatric disorders were able to quit smoking, whereas rates of quitting among those with psychiatric disorders were 25% lower. Rates of quitting were lowest among those with dysthymia (10%), agoraphobia (13%), and social phobia (13%). “We also found that individuals with multiple diagnoses had the lowest quit rates,” added Philip Smith, lead author on the study.

This study adds to evidence that smokers with mental illness consume nearly half of all cigarettes in the United States, despite making up a substantially smaller proportion of the population.

Researchers and policymakers are increasingly calling attention to this important public health issue, and this study helps point to a need for interventions and policy that directly help individuals with mental illness quit smoking.

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kookukachu:

makeupbag:

A few of you asked me how to do colored brows after I posted my rainbow eyebrow look so here’s how! :)

  1. Fill in your eyebrow with white liner. I used an Elf Eye Liner.
  2. Brush your eyebrow out with a spooly brush. This will remove any excess liner and coat all the hairs.
  3. Apply eyeshadow to your eyebrow in the desired color with a stiff angled brush. I used a matte eyeshadow from the Shany Bold and Bright 120 Eyeshadow Palette and a MAC 266SE brush.
  4. Clean up any mistakes with a Q-tip, apply the rest of your eye makeup and then you’re done, it’s that simple!

Now I don’t have to go through the trouble of dying my eyebrows, too.

(Source: instagram.com)

thiagovscoelho:

azuritereaction:

royalelectric:

liesofaman:

khymeira:

Lumigrids » 2012 [Source]

“Lumigrids is an LED projector for bicycles, which aims to improve safety during night riding. It projects square grids onto the ground. By observing changes in the grids, the rider can easily comprehend the landforms ahead.”

dope

Wow. That’s some awesome sci-fi shit

i cant even ride a bike and this is awesome

THIS IS GREAT SAFETY STUFF FOR RIDING BIKES AT NIGHT WITHOUT BUMPING INTO SHIT AND FALLING DUDES

(Source: clock510)

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